Hiebert, J., Morris, A. K., Berk, D., and Jansen, A. (2007). Preparing Teachers to Learn from Teaching. Journal of Teacher Education, 58(1):47-61.
Four skills needed to learn from teaching:
1. What were the learning goals? What were students supposed to learn?
2. To what extent were the goals achieved in the lesson? What did students learn?
3. Why do you think the lesson did or did not work well? (How did teaching help [or not] students learn?)
4. How would you revise the lesson if you were to teach it again? How could teaching more effectively help students learn?
Skill in reflecting on these questions can improve teaching performance and understanding the connections between instruction and student outcomes.