Video pedagogy involves the art of choosing the right framework for shared reflection. This constitutes a basic principle of video study groups: The framework of reflection specifies the point of impact of video feedback. The way video is used is closely dependent on the framework chosen by the group. It must be concerted and well defined.
What frameworks are available for video study groups? Several have been found especially helpful to shared reflection.
- The mastery framework orients activities in light of the desired results of the task to be performed.
- The psychocognitive framework emphasizes the conceptual structures of information and strategies for learning.
- In the sociocognitive framework, the process of bringing thought to awareness is linked to authentic experiences that challenge widely held notions.
- The narrative framework is the foundation for autobiographical or personal approaches to human experience.
- The critical framework functions in a social and participatory perspective. It proposes empowerment over the act of learning and an examination of those aspects of interaction that turn education into a process of either oppression or liberation.
- The pragmatic framework is focused on the language of practice. It explicates practical discursive arguments and intentions related to situations.
Following Croue (1997), a typology of video cases could be raised:
- (a) Cases that dealt with the nature of a problem were related to decision making, to assessment or feedback;
- (b) Cases that dealt with the range of the problem presented a problem or showed the interconnection between various problems;
- (c) Cases that took a story format presented a story line, with episodes, props, and portraits.
Croue. C. (1997). Introduction a la methode des cas [An Introduction to the case method]. Paris: Gaetan Morin Europe.